Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam / Blue Beech / Musclewood) is a native understory tree that can be used extremely well in shade and woodland gardens for that sub-canopy naturalized texture. It can also perform well as mid-level visual screens. Leaves are a beautiful yellow to orange in the fall. The bark on this tree is unique because of its smooth yet muscular look, giving it another common name of musclewood.
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Photo By: By Sherief Saleh (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons